Since 2005, President Nkurunziza has not kept his promise to conclude peace agreement with Palipehutu-FNL. Palipephutu has not given up its ethnist ideology since its foundation. Its fight for the hutu cause has not considered the political change since the Arusha peace agreement. This entailed many political errors which has discredited its paradigm. **Though CNDD-FDD is heading Burundian legitimate political institutions, it is still behaving as an underground movement: use of force to muzzle political opposition and internal dissidents instead of resorting to the rule of law. This illegitimacy is negatively influencing the forthcoming 2010 elections. ***These positions, so poles apart, greatly hindered the 2006 and 2007 peace agreements between the two belligerents. Is it possible to overcome this deadlock? Yes, on the condition that the two parties show their political will for peace. Henceforth, the South African mediation should devise the best way to power sharing.



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