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Most Popular Papers *

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A world review of fungi, yeasts, and slime molds in caves
Karen J. Vanderwolf, David Malloch, Donald F. McAlpine, and Graham J. Forbes

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Diversity and biocide susceptibility of fungal assemblages dwelling in the Art Gallery of Magura Cave, Bulgaria
Milena M. Mitova, Mihail Iliev, Alena Novakova, Anna A. Gorbushina, Veneta I. Groudeva, and Pedro M. Martin-Sanchez

  • Fungi from the Art Gallery were studied by cultivation and molecular analyses
  • Fungal diversity was clearly dominated by Penicillium and Aspergillus species
  • Abundant fungal growth associated with guanophilic species was detected on sediments
  • Scarce fungi were detected on rock surface of painted walls
  • The biocides OIT and BAC were effective inhibiting the in vitro growth of dominant fungi

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Bat urea-derived minerals in arid environment. First identification of allantoin, C4H6N4O3, in Kahf Kharrat Najem Cave, United Arab Emirates
Philippe Audra, Pavel Bosák, Fernando Gázquez, Didier Cailhol, Roman Skála, Lenka Lisá, Šárka Jonášová, Amos Frumkin, Martin Knez, Tadej Slabe, Nadja Zupan Hajna, and Asma Al-Farraj

  • Kahf Kharrat Najem Cave (United Arab Emirates) harbors a bat colony with guano
  • Yellowish stalactites of urea and urea-derived substances are studied in this paper
  • Allantoin is a urea byproduct, reported here for the first time in a cave
  • Rare sulfates (aphthitalite, alunite) and phosphates (possibly archerite-biphosphammite) are present
  • Extremely dry conditions explain the crystallization of these very soluble minerals

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The morphology and development of Kalahroud Cave, Iran
Shirin Bahadorinia, Sayed Hassan Hejazi, Alireza Nadimi, Derek C. Ford, and Karine Wainer

  • Sub-horizontal maze cave in a cuesta of dipping limestones.
  • Drains along the strike to an a-periodic river gorge in arid mountains.
  • Morphology and sediment analysis show hypogene origin, with paragenesis.
  • Corrosion notch rooms contain precipitate sequences, ending with calcite rafts of Holocene age

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Tracer tests in karst hydrogeology and speleology
Nico Goldscheider, Joe Meiman, Michiel Pronk, and Christopher Smart

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» Updated as of 03/28/17.