Most Popular Papers *


Bat urea-derived minerals in arid environment. First identification of allantoin, C4H6N4O3, in Kahf Kharrat Najem Cave, United Arab Emirates
Philippe Audra, Pavel Bosák, Fernando Gázquez, Didier Cailhol, Roman Skála, Lenka Lisá, Šárka Jonášová, Amos Frumkin, Martin Knez, Tadej Slabe, Nadja Zupan Hajna, and Asma Al-Farraj

  • Kahf Kharrat Najem Cave (United Arab Emirates) harbors a bat colony with guano
  • Yellowish stalactites of urea and urea-derived substances are studied in this paper
  • Allantoin is a urea byproduct, reported here for the first time in a cave
  • Rare sulfates (aphthitalite, alunite) and phosphates (possibly archerite-biphosphammite) are present
  • Extremely dry conditions explain the crystallization of these very soluble minerals


Bioaccumulation of metallic trace elements and antioxidant enzyme activities in Apfelbeckia insculpta (L. Koch, 1867) (Diplopoda: Callipodida) from the cave Hadži-Prodanova Pećina (Serbia)
Jelena Vranković, Slavica Borković-Mitić, Bojan Ilić, Milanka Radulović, Slaviša Milošević, Slobodan Makarov, and Bojan Mitić

  • Trace elements in the cave sediment and Apfelbeckia insculpta are measured
  • Also, the activities of antioxidant enzymes in the troglophilic milipede are studied
  • Xenobiotic elements Cr, Hg, Ni, and Pb reveal bioaccumulation factor greater than 1
  • Concentrations of Cu, Fe, Mn, and Ni differ in males and females specimens
  • GR and GST activities display significant intersexual difference


Secondary minerals from salt caves in the Atacama Desert (Chile): a hyperarid and hypersaline environment with potential analogies to the Martian subsurface
Jo De Waele, Cristina Carbone, Laura Sanna, Marco Vattano, Ermanno Galli, Francesco Sauro, and Paolo Forti

  • Halite caves in Atacama have been explored
  • Secondary cave minerals of these salt caves have been analysed
  • Sixteen cave minerals have been discovered
  • Antarcticite, atacamite, leonite, darapskite, and blödite are the most interesting ones
  • Genetical mechanisms explain the genesis of some of these minerals


A world review of fungi, yeasts, and slime molds in caves
Karen J. Vanderwolf, David Malloch, Donald F. McAlpine, and Graham J. Forbes


Diversity and biocide susceptibility of fungal assemblages dwelling in the Art Gallery of Magura Cave, Bulgaria
Milena M. Mitova, Mihail Iliev, Alena Novakova, Anna A. Gorbushina, Veneta I. Groudeva, and Pedro M. Martin-Sanchez

  • Fungi from the Art Gallery were studied by cultivation and molecular analyses
  • Fungal diversity was clearly dominated by Penicillium and Aspergillus species
  • Abundant fungal growth associated with guanophilic species was detected on sediments
  • Scarce fungi were detected on rock surface of painted walls
  • The biocides OIT and BAC were effective inhibiting the in vitro growth of dominant fungi


The morphology and development of Kalahroud Cave, Iran
Shirin Bahadorinia, Sayed Hassan Hejazi, Alireza Nadimi, Derek C. Ford, and Karine Wainer

  • Sub-horizontal maze cave in a cuesta of dipping limestones.
  • Drains along the strike to an a-periodic river gorge in arid mountains.
  • Morphology and sediment analysis show hypogene origin, with paragenesis.
  • Corrosion notch rooms contain precipitate sequences, ending with calcite rafts of Holocene age

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» Updated as of 02/22/17.