Title

Coastal Caves and Sinkholes

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date

2013

Keywords

coastal caves, coastal karst basins (CKB), hydrography, sea-level change, sea-level index points (SLIPs), sea-level indicators, sinkholes, stratification

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118452547.ch6

Abstract

This chapter presents a simple model for environmental succession in coastal karst basins (CKB) under sea-level forcing, and uses this model as a framework for reviewing sea-level indicators preserved in caves and sinkholes. The model explains how common karst sea-level indicators develop, and why some of these indicators are sea-level index points (SLIPs) with a clearly defined indicative meaning, whereas others can only provide maximum or minimum constraints on sea level. The model dovetails geological, environmental, biological, and ecosystem research, and it also provides a simple framework for analyzing the sea-level proxies that are preserved in coastal karst basins. In order to use karst sea-level proxies, researchers must also understand the hydrography and stratification of coastal aquifers. In conclusion, sea-level change drives environmental change in CKBs worldwide, which in turn forces CKBs to transition through predictable environmental states.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Handbook of Sea-Level Research, p. 83-103

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