Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Degree Granting Department

Curriculum and Instruction

Major Professor

Herbert A. Exum, Ph.D.

Co-Major Professor

Tony X. Tan, Ed.D.

Committee Member

Barbara J. Shircliffe, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Cynthia M. Topdemir, Ph.D.


counselor education, doctoral student, supervison, supervisee, training


The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of the supervision process that takes place between the counselor education doctoral student and the doctoral student’s faculty supervisor from the perception of the doctoral student supervisor. The goal of this study is to identify salient constructs that impact the effectiveness of the supervisory experience. A qualitative design was used to collect and analyze data. Six doctoral student supervisors were interviewed and the data analyzed. Themes of the supervisory experience that impact the supervision process and outcome were identified. They were: Supervisor Competency, Supervisor Individual Characteristics, and Supervisory Relationship. Recommendations for future research and implications are discussed.