Author

Yun Chen

Graduation Year

2016

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Ph.D.

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Degree Granting Department

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering

Major Professor

Hui Yang, Ph.D.

Co-Major Professor

Alex Savachkin, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Ali Yalcin, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Yicheng Tu, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Kandethody M. Ramachandran, Ph.D.

Keywords

computer simulation and optimization, healthcare informatics, multiscale analysis, nonlinear dynamic system, sensor network, spatiotemporal model

Abstract

Real-time sensing brings the proliferation of big data that contains rich information of complex systems. It is well known that real-world systems show high levels of nonlinear and nonstationary behaviors in the presence of extraneous noise. This brings significant challenges for human experts to visually inspect the integrity and performance of complex systems from the collected data. My research goal is to develop innovative methodologies for modeling and optimizing complex systems, and create enabling technologies for real-world applications. Specifically, my research focuses on Mining Dynamic Recurrences in Nonlinear and Nonstationary Systems for Feature Extraction, Process Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis. This research will enable and assist in (i) sensor-driven modeling, monitoring and optimization of complex systems; (ii) integrating product design with system design of nonlinear dynamic processes; and (iii) creating better prediction/diagnostic tools for real-world complex processes.

My research accomplishments include the following.

(1) Feature Extraction and Analysis:

I proposed a novel multiscale recurrence analysis to not only delineate recurrence dynamics in complex systems, but also resolve the computational issues for the large-scale datasets. It was utilized to identify heart failure subjects from the 24-hour heart rate variability (HRV) time series and control the quality of mobile-phone-based electrocardiogram (ECG) signals.

(2) Modeling and Prediction:

I proposed the design of stochastic sensor network to allow a subset of sensors at varying locations within the network to transmit dynamic information intermittently, and a new approach of sparse particle filtering to model spatiotemporal dynamics of big data in the stochastic sensor network. It may be noted that the proposed algorithm is very general and can be potentially applicable for stochastic sensor networks in a variety of disciplines, e.g., environmental sensor network and battlefield surveillance network.

(3) Monitoring and Control:

Process monitoring of dynamic transitions in complex systems is more concerned with aperiodic recurrences and heterogeneous types of recurrence variations. However, traditional recurrence analysis treats all recurrence states homogeneously, thereby failing to delineate heterogeneous recurrence patterns. I developed a new approach of heterogeneous recurrence analysis for complex systems informatics, process monitoring and anomaly detection.

(4) Simulation and Optimization:

Another research focuses on fractal-based simulation to study spatiotemporal dynamics on fractal surfaces of high-dimensional complex systems, and further optimize spatiotemporal patterns. This proposed algorithm is applied to study the reaction-diffusion modeling on fractal surfaces and real-world 3D heart surfaces.

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