Graduation Year

2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

M.S.P.H.

Degree Name

MS in Public Health (M.S.P.H.)

Degree Granting Department

Public Health

Major Professor

Raymond D. Harbison, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Giffe T. Johnson, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Marie Bourgeois, Ph.D.

Keywords

Acrolein, Cardiomyocytes, Nitrogen Mustards, Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase

Abstract

Drug-induced cardiotoxicity has resulted in a thorough evaluation of patient doses, treatments, and rehabilitation. One of the most commonly prescribed chemotherapeutic agents is cyclophosphamide. The active metabolite, acrolein, is one of the most potent inducers of cardiomyopathy. In this study, research was conducted on the H9c2 (2-1) cardiomyocyte cell line derived from the embryonic myocardium of rattus norvegicus to assess its competency for evaluation of the change in poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity. The application of this model to study the effects of acrolein on PARP activation was chosen as an ideal determinant of cell damage produced by nitrogen mustards. To verify the legitimacy of this model, cardiomyocytes were exposed to acrolein in varying concentrations and time durations with a subsequent protein concentration measurement determined through the BCA Protein Assay. After the normalization of samples through volume adjustments and verification of sufficient protein, other aliquots were subjected to a PARP Assay in order to measure PARP activity. PARP was activated at exposure concentrations of 75 μM in all trials, with an average detection of 0.00569 ± 0.001 mU/200ng protein. Other concentrations showed varying degrees of PARP activation, verifying the model’s competency. PARP activation implies the potential use of this model for further research into targeted molecular therapy of PARP inhibition. Therefore, this model has the ability to be used as an assessment tool for the combined use of PARP inhibitors and chemotherapeutic agents; it can be useful for future research investigating the use and efficacy of PARP inhibitors in reducing drug-induced cardiotoxicity.

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