Graduation Year

2015

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Ph.D.

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Chemistry

Degree Granting Department

Chemistry

Major Professor

Jianfeng Cai, Ph.D.

Co-Major Professor

Li-june Ming, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Li-june Ming, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Mark McLaughlin, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Jerry Wu, Ph.D.

Keywords

antimicrobial agents, beta-amyloid peptide, Gamma-AApeptide, helical mimetic, macrocycles, OBOC library

Abstract

Peptidomimetics are synthetic oligomers that resemble the activities of peptides. Their advantages over peptides include high stability towards proteolysis and enormous chemical diversity. Over the past two decades, there have been extensive efforts to develop peptide mimics, such as beta-peptides, peptoids, D-peptides, etc. The research on peptidomimetics have led to many important applications in both medicinal and material science. In order to explore new functions, the discovery of peptidomimetics with novel frameworks is essential. We reported the synthesis and evaluation of a new class of peptidomimetics, termed as gamma-AApeptides. Previous studies of gamma-AApeptides have revealed that gamma-AApeptides are highly resistant to proteolysis, and are highly amendable to chemical diversification. However, new biological activities and folding properties of gamma-AApeptides still need to be explored. In order to expand the potential of gamma-AApeptides in chemical biology and medicinal chemistry, I have been focusing on the development of new methods to synthesize linear and cyclic gamma-AApeptides, development of one-bead-one-compound (OBOC) gamma-AApeptide libraries for the discovery of inhibitors against beta-amyloid aggregation, exploring new helical foldamers for the rational design of protein-protein interaction (PPI) inhibitors, and studying cyclic gamma-AApeptides for antimicrobial development.

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