Graduation Year

2014

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

M.A.

Degree Granting Department

Child and Family Studies

Major Professor

Raymond G. Miltenberger

Keywords

autism, hazards, in-situ training, poison, safety skills, video modeling

Abstract

Accidental poisonings are one of the leading safety threats for young children, so it is important to teach children to avoid ingesting poisonous substances. Research has shown that behavioral skills training (BST) and in situ training (IST) are effective in teaching children safety skills to prevent gun play, abduction, and poison ingestion. However, little research on safety skills has been conducted with children with autism. Video modeling has been shown to be effective in teaching abduction prevention skills to children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of video modeling to teach four children diagnosed with ASD to avoid poison hazards. Results showed that video modeling was not effective for any of the participants, but that IST was effective for three participants while the fourth participant required an additional incentive. Three of the four participants maintained the safety skills for 1-, 3-, and 5-week follow up assessments.

Keywords: children, safety threats, safety skills, poison, and behavioral skills training, in-situ training, video modeling

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