Graduation Year

2014

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Ph.D.

Degree Granting Department

Chemistry

Major Professor

Jon C. Antilla

Keywords

Allylation, Asymmetric, Catalyst, Chiral, chiral phosphoric acid, propargylation

Abstract

Carbonyl allylation and propargylation reactions have been an important tool for the stereocontrolled formation of carbon-carbon bonds for synthetic chemists. The chiral homoallylic and homopropargylic alcohols obtained from these reactions serve as versatile intermediates for the synthesis of natural and pharmaceutical products. Over the past three decades and continuing on, various synthetic groups around the globe have directed their research towards the efficient synthesis of these chiral moieties. In spite extensive research, asymmetric allylation and propargylation reactions remain an enduring challenge in organic chemistry.

Chapter 1 of this thesis describes the first phosphoric acid catalyzed asymmetric allylboration of aldehydes. We found that the BINOL-derived phosphoric acids can efficiently catalyze the allylation reaction under specific conditions. Homoallylic alcohols were obtained in high yields and enantioselectivities from a wide variety of substrates. The optimized conditions were also found to be effective towards crotylboration of aldehydes.

Chapter 2 describes the extension of the Br[o/]nsted acid catalyzed allylboration methodology to the propargylation of aldehydes. Homopropargylic alcohols were obtained with high selectivities with TRIP-PA as the catalyst. Synthesis of various important synthetic scaffolds from these chiral alcohols is also presented.

The mechanistic insights studied by research groups of Kendall Houk and Jonathan Goodman have been outlined in chapter 3. These studies show that the major isomer is formed via a transition state involving the hydrogen bonding interaction between the hydroxyl group of the catalyst and the pseudoaxial oxygen of the boronate, with a stabilizing interaction of the phosphoryl oxygen to the formyl hydrogen. These insights helped us in developing new and highly efficient boronates that are described in the next chapter.

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