Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Granting Department

Electrical Engineering

Major Professor

Huseyin Arslan


Cognitive Radios, Dynamic Spectrum Access, Signal Detection and Estimation, Signal Identification, Spectrum Sensing, Wireless Multidimensional Hyperspace


Wireless communications systems underwent an evolution as the voice oriented applications evolved to data and multimedia based services. Furthermore, current wireless technologies, regulations and the un-

derstanding of the technology are insufficient for the requirements of future wireless systems. Along with the rapid rise at the number of users, increasing demand for more communications capacity to deploy multimedia applications entail effective utilization of communications resources. Therefore, there is a need for effective spectrum allocation, adaptive and complex modulation, error recovery, channel estimation, diversity and code design techniques to allow high data rates while maintaining desired quality of service, and reconfigurable and flexible air interface technologies for better interference and fading management. However, traditional communications system design is based on allocating fixed amounts of resources to the user and does not

consider adaptive spectrum utilization.

Technologies which will lead to adaptive, intelligent, and aware wireless communications systems are expected to come up with consistent methodologies to provide solutions for the capacity, interference, and

reliability problems of the wireless networks. Spectrum sensing feature of cognitive radio systems are a step forward to better recognize the problems and to achieve efficient spectrum allocation. On the other hand, even though spectrum sensing can constitute a solid base to achieve the reconfigurability and awareness goals of next generation networks, a new perspective is required to benefit from the whole dimensions of the available electro hyperspace. Therefore, spectrum sensing should evolve to a more general and comprehensive awareness providing a mechanism, not only as a part of CR systems which provide channel occupancy information but also as a communication environment awareness component of dynamic spectrum access paradigm which

can adapt sensing parameters autonomously to ensure robust identification and parameter estimation for the signals over the monitored spectrum. Such an approach will lead to recognition of communications opportunities in different dimensions of spectrum hyperspace, and provide necessary information about the air interfaces, access techniques and waveforms that are deployed over the monitored spectrum to accomplish adaptive resource management and spectrum access.

We define multidimensional signal analysis as a methodology, which not only provides the information that the spectrum hyperspace dimension in interest is occupied or not, but also reveals the underlaying information regarding to the parameters, such as employed channel access methods, duplexing techniques and other parameters related to the air interfaces of the signals accessing to the monitored channels and more. To achieve multidimensional signal analysis, a comprehensive sensing, classification, and a detection approach is required at the initial stage. In this thesis, we propose the multidimensional signal analysis procedures

under signal identification algorithms in time, frequency. Moreover, an angle of arrival estimation system for wireless signals, and a spectrum usage modeling and prediction method are proposed as multidimensional signal analysis functionalities.