Graduation Year

2012

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

M.S.

Degree Granting Department

Physics

Major Professor

Denis Karaiskaj

Keywords

dephasing, four-wave mixing, lead sulfide, nonlinear, two-dimensional Fourier transform

Abstract

The coherent properties of semiconductor nanostructures are inherently difficult to measure and one-dimensional spectroscopies are often unable to separate inhomogeneous and homogeneous linewidths. We have refined and improved a method of performing multidimensional Fourier transform spectroscopy based on four-wave

mixing (FWM) experiments in the box geometry. We have modified our system with broadband beamsplitters in all interferometer arms, high-resolution translation stages and the ability to work in reflection geometry. By improving the phase-stability of our setup and scanning pulse delays with sub-optical cycle precision, we are able to

reproduce 2DFT spectra of GaAs multiple quantum wells. With the FWM signal reflected from the sample surface instead of transmitted through, we show that very low pulse powers can be used to generate coherent 2D signals from colloidal PbS quantum dots. Dephasing times are particularly difficult to measure in small colloidal quantum dots due to environmental broadening effects from the colloidal growth. We show that low-temperature pure excitonic dephasing can be measured via time-integrated measurements as well as from the cross-diagonal linewidths of 2DFT spectra. Ultrafast

sub-picosecond dephasing times are measured at 5 K in 3 nm PbS quantum dots, while excitation-density-dependence is investigated in these dots. By retrieving the global phase with an all-optical method, we are able to retrieve the real-part 2D spectra of PbS quantum dots.

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