Degree Granting Department
Applied Behavior Analysis
Trevor Stokes, Ph.D.
Ann Cranston-Gingras, Ph.D.
Nancy E. Pape, Ph.D.
parenting practices, parenting skills, modeling, parent-child interactions, behavioral parent training, MyTell cards, self-mediated discriminative stimuli
Parent training programs are widely used to remediate ineffective strategies being
used by parents of children with maladaptive behaviors. While there are a multitude of
parenting workshops available, it has been estimated that over half have no established
effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to advance our knowledge regarding the
effects of modeling and role-playing (in an experimentally controlled design), used to
supplement the parent workshop called “Winning at Parenting” and enhance development
of adaptive parenting skills of participants.
This study trained parents in the behavioral techniques of clear communication,
differential attention, and time-out procedures via modeling by the instructor, roleplaying
with the parents, and instructor feedback to parents. A multiple-baseline design
across four participants was used in an experimentally controlled manner to demonstrate
the positive effect of modeling and role-playing on the development of these adaptive
skills in a parent training program.
Two research questions were analyzed. The first considered whether participants
would increase their use of adaptive parenting strategies via modeling, role-playing and
instructor feedback, within the multiple baseline design. The results clearly showed a
mean increase in correct demonstration of each target behavior for each parent only after
the treatment condition was introduced, indicating a significant treatment effect.
Furthermore, because there was no overlap of data points from baseline to treatment,
changes in level were evident, providing a strong case that behavior was changed due to
treatment effects. Although trend of the behaviors in baseline varied, data points in the
treatment phase for each target behavior for each parent made such a dramatic and
immediate jump that they each were indicative of a treatment effect. These findings are
consistent with previous research demonstrating that the use of modeling and roleplaying
are superior to readings and lecture-style for parent training programs.
The second question considered whether or not parent’s ratings of competence,
depression, and life stress, as measured on the Parenting Stress Index (PSI), would
change as a result of the intervention. Results showed no clear trends in data for the
effects of treatment on the PSI scores.
Scholar Commons Citation
Rodriguez-Del Valle, Chantell A., "The Effects of Role-Playing on the Development of Adaptive Skills in a Parent Training Program" (2006). Graduate Theses and Dissertations.