Graduation Year

2010

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

M.S.M.E.

Degree Granting Department

Mechanical Engineering

Major Professor

Ashok Kumar

Co-Major Professor

John Wolan

Committee Member

Garrett Matthews

Keywords

Nanotechnology, Surface Plasmon Resonance, Biosensors, RSV, Catalyst

Abstract

Gold nanoparticles are excellent candidates for all the biomedical applications due to their size and shape dependent optical and physiological properties. In this study, gold nanoparticles were synthesized chemically for bio-application. It was observed that the size and shape of gold nanoparticles depend strongly on the concentration of chemical solution, type of reducing agent used in the reaction, temperature of the solution and stabilizing agent for reaction. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has been used extensively to determine the size and shape of the gold nanoparticles. Optical properties of the size and shape selected nanoparticles were studied using UV-vis spectrophotometer in absorption mode. The chemically synthesized gold nanoparticles were observed to show excellent absorption property which is reflected by the presence of the characteristic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band peak. The SPR peak was found to be predominantly dependent on the size of nanoparticles. We have observed a strong red shift with increasing the size of gold nanoparticles. The position of the SPR peak was also observed to change with shape of gold nanostructures.

Synthesis and characterization of the composites of gold nanoparticles and Poly (Oanisidine) (POAS) have been carried out in this thesis. Gold-POAS materials system was characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy, TEM, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.

The chemically synthesized gold nanoparticles were successfully utilized for the study of Respiratory Syncycial Virus (RSV) interaction. Gold nanoparticles were found to inhibit the RSV infection. The electrochemical behavior of gold nanoparticles was studied and their potentials for biosensing applications were tested. Cyclic voltaammetry was performed for the detection of dopamine and ascorbic acid using gold nanoparticles of different sizes. Interaction of gold nanoparticles with Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) has been studied via absorption spectroscopy and TEM measurements. The absorption spectra of the GNP-BSA show remarkable shift in SPR band peak towards high wavelength. Catalytic properties of the gold nanoparticles were studied by using them as a catalytic activator for the gas sensing applications.

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