Graduation Year

2010

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Ph.D.

Degree Granting Department

Chemistry

Major Professor

Mark McLaughlin

Co-Major Professor

Jon Antilla

Committee Member

Roman Manetsch

Committee Member

Jianfeng Cai

Keywords

β-sheet conformation, Cyclic Peptides, Cyclic III peptide, Multiple Myeloma, Peptide Nucleic Acids

Abstract

Inhibiting therapeutically important protein-protein interactions has been a tremendous challenge for medicinal chemists. The folded 3D structures of peptides and proteins, mainly comprise secondary structural elements i.e α-helices and β-sheet have created an opportunity to design small molecules and peptidomimetic inhibitors of protein-protein interaction (PPI). Hence, information about the formation and stabilization of these secondary structures is vital for designing future drugs. In this dissertation, several cyclic beta-hairpin peptidomimetics that mimic the recognition surface have been designed and synthesized as inhibitors for different targets such as integrin mediated extracellular matrix -cell adhesion in multiple myeloma, p53-MDM2 PPI, amyloid beta fibrillogenesis inhibitor. Cyclization of linear peptides to restrict the number of conformations available to the linear peptide can increase its affinity for the target as well as increase its proteolytic resistance. In this study, different beta turn promoters that increase the propensity of cyclic peptides to adopt beta-sheet structures have been designed and synthesized. Chapter two discusses the design and synthesis of several cyclic III (Integrin Interaction Inhibitor) peptides that block adhesion of integrins to extracellular matrix components in Multiple Myeloma tumor cells. These cyclic peptides, as assayed by TOPRO 3 assay were more potent than the parent linear peptide with a bio-activity of 1.08 μM. We have also studied structure activity relationships (SAR) of these cyclic III peptide analogs to increase the potency and bioavailability of these peptides.

Chapter three describes the application of cyclic beta-hairpin peptidomimetics to inhibit abeta fibrillogenesis that is responsible for Alzheimer’s disease. We have successfully designed and synthesized cyclic peptides that target the hydrophobic region (17-21) of abeta fibril which is believed to cause self aggregation and plaque formation. We have also successfully explored these cyclic beta-hairpin peptides to disrupt p53-MDM2 interactions. Chapter five discusses the design and synthesis of novel cysteine based Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA) monomers that are aimed to increase cellular uptake by introducing positively charged species attached to the cysteine side chain. We have successfully synthesized CPNA monomers and made efforts to make PNA oligomers.

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