Graduation Year

2003

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

M.S.P.H.

Degree Granting Department

Public Health

Major Professor

Yehia Y. Hammad, Sc.D.

Keywords

sampling devices, inhalable dust, repirable dust, personal sampling

Abstract

International standards establish criteria for size-selective aerosol sampling for industrial hygiene. Commercially available aerosol samplers are designed to conform to these criteria. This study uses semi-monodispersed aerosols generated in a vertically aligned test chamber to compare the performance of three commercially available respirable dust samplers, one of which can, in addition, simultaneously sample for thoracic and inhalable dust fractions. Comparison methods are used to calculate a theoretical fractional value based on the appropriate sampling conventions of the total dust concentration and size distribution of test materials. Performance of actual samplers can be conducted by comparing observed results to the theoretical value. Results show the design of the test chamber and use of fused aluminum oxide is appropriate to conduct simplified performance verification tests for inhalable and respirable dust samplers.

This study showed the TSI RespiCon followed the inhalable and respirable conventions closely, but results for the thoracic fraction required the use of a correction factor. The SKC aluminum cyclone tended to undersample the respirable fraction, while the BGI CAS4 cyclone and the TSI RespiCon appear to most closely follow the convention. Improved selection of test material and characterization of particle sizes are recommended to further develop this method of performance verification.

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