Degree Granting Department
Bias crime, Discrimination, Continuation ratio logit model, Social context, Muslim
This study investigates how hate crimes in general and anti-Arab hate crimes in particular were distributed across different regions of the United States during the 2001-2002 period. The study explores how a historical event the terrorist attacks against the U.S. on September 11, 2001 and county population demographics affect the rates of hate crime against Arabs, Muslims or Middle Easterners. It was hypothesized that anti-Arab or anti-Muslim hate crimes displaced other forms of hate crime and were characterized by open acts of violence. According to the contact hypothesis, anti-Arab and anti-Muslim hate crimes would be more likely to occur in counties with relatively high levels of poverty and economic inequality. The research materials were obtained from publicly available data. The hate crime data were obtained from the national hate crime incidents reported to the FBI Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) program.
Scholar Commons Citation
Disha, Ilir, "Anti-Arab hate crimes in the aftermath of September 11, 2001: Assessing the influence of geographic and situational factors" (2005). Graduate Theses and Dissertations.