Graduation Year

2005

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

M.S.I.E.

Degree Granting Department

Industrial Engineering

Major Professor

Dr. Ali Yalcin.

Keywords

Phase space reconstruction, Flood prediction, Nonlinear time series prediction, Clustering, Genetic algorithm, Event prediction

Abstract

Earthquakes, floods, rainfall represent a class of nonlinear systems termed chaotic, in which the relationships between variables in a system are dynamic and disproportionate, however completely deterministic. Classical linear time series models have proved inadequate in analysis and prediction of complex geophysical phenomena. Nonlinear approaches such as Artificial Neural Networks, Hidden Markov Models and Nonlinear Prediction are useful in forecasting of daily discharge values in a river. The focus of these methods is on forecasting magnitudes of future discharge values and not the prediction of floods. Chaos theory provides a structured explanation for irregular behavior and anomalies in systems that are not inherently stochastic. Time Series Data Mining methodology combines chaos theory and data mining to characterize and predict complex, nonperiodic and chaotic time series. Time Series Data Mining focuses on the prediction of events.

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