Graduation Year

2006

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Ph.D.

Degree Granting Department

Mathematics and Statistics

Major Professor

Chris P. Tsokos, Ph.D.

Keywords

Trivariate normal, Simulation, Covariance structure, Bioavailability, Extreme value distribution

Abstract

The dissertation focuses on developing statistical models in environmental and life sciences. The Generalized Extreme Value distribution is used to model annual monthly maximum rainfall data from 44 locations in Florida. Time dependence of the rainfall data is incorporated into the model by assuming the location parameter to be a function of time, both linear and quadratic. Estimates and confidence intervals are obtained for return levels of return periods of 10, 20, 50, and 100 years. Locations are grouped into statistical profiles based on their similarities in return level graphs for all locations, and locations within each climatic zone. A family of extreme values distributions is applied to model simulated maximum drug concentration (Cmax) data of an anticoagulant drug. For small samples (n <̲ 100) data exhibited bimodality. The results of investigating a mixture of two extreme value distributions to model such bimodal data using two-parameter Gumbel, Pareto and Weibu

ll concluded that a mixture of two Weibull distributions is the only suitable FTSel.For large samples , Cmax data are modeled using the Generalized Extreme Value, Gumbel, Weibull, and Pareto distributions. These results concluded that the Generalized Extreme Value distribution is the only suitable model. A system of random differential equations is used to investigate the drug concentration behavior in a three-compartment pharmacokinetic model which describes coumermycin's disposition. The rate constants used in the differential equations are assumed to have a trivariate distribution, and hence, simulated from the trivariate truncated normal probability distribution. Numerical solutions are developed under different combinations of the covariance structure and the nonrandom initial conditions. We study the dependence effect that such a pharmacokinetic system has among the three compartments as well as the effect of variance in identifying the concentration behavior in each compartment.

We identify the time delays in each compartment. We extend these models to incorporate the identified time delays. We provide the graphical display of the time delay effects on the drug concentration behavior as well as the comparison of the deterministic behavior with and without the time delay, and effect of different sets of time delay on deterministic and stochastic behaviors.

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