Graduation Year

2010

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Ph.D.

Degree Granting Department

Chemistry

Major Professor

Mohamed Eddaoudi, Ph.D.

Keywords

Zeolite-like metal-organic frameworks, Supermolecular building block, Physisorption, Hydrogen storage, Rht

Abstract

Porous solids are a class of materials of high scientific and technological significance. Indeed, they have the ability to interact with atoms, ions or molecules not only at their surface but also throughout the bulk of the solid. This ability places these materials as a major class involved in many applications such as gas storage and separation, catalysis, drug delivery and sensor technology. Metal-Organic Materials (MOMs) or coordination polymers (CPs) are crystalline compounds constructed from metal ions or clusters and organic components that are linked via coordination bonds to form zero-, one-, two or three-periodic structures. Porous Metal-Organic Materials (MOMs) or Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are a relatively new class of nanoporous materials that typically possess regular micropores stable upon removal of guests.

An extraordinary academic and industrial interests was witnessed over the past two decades and is evidenced by a fantastic grow of these new materials. Indeed, due to a self-assembly process and readily available metals and organic linkers, an almost infinite number of materials can, in principle, be synthesized. However, a rational design is very challenging but not impossible. In theory, MOMs could be designed and synthesized with tuned functionalities toward specific properties that will determine their potential applications. The present research involves the design and synthesis of functional porous Metal-Organic Materials that can be used as platforms for specific studies related to many applications such as for example gas storage and particularly hydrogen storage. In this manuscript, I will discuss the studies performed on existing major Metal-Organic Frameworks, namely Zeolite-like Metal-Organic Frameworks (ZMOFs) that were designed and synthesized in my research group.

My research was also focused on the design and the synthesis of new highly porous isoreticular materials based on Metal-Organic Polyhedra (MOP) where desirable functionality and unique features can be introduced in the final material prior and/or after the assembly process. The use of hetero-functional ligands for a rational design toward binary or ternary net will also be discussed in this dissertation.

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