Graduation Year

2010

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Ph.D.

Degree Granting Department

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering

Major Professor

Tapas K. Das, Ph.D.

Keywords

Disease progression and intervention, Bioinformatics, Health care systems, Applied stochastic, Computational probability, Applied optimization, Agent-based simulation, Wavelet based signal processing

Abstract

Development of approaches for early detection of cancer requires a comprehensive understanding of the cellular functions that lead to cancer, as well as implementing strategies for population-wide early detection. Cell functions are supported by proteins that are produced by active or expressed genes. Identifying cancer biomarkers, i.e., the genes that are expressed and the corresponding proteins present only in a cancer state of the cell, can lead to its use for early detection of cancer and for developing drugs. There are approximately 30,000 genes in the human genome producing over 500,000 proteins, thereby posing significant analytical challenges in linking specific genes to proteins and subsequently to cancer. Along with developing diagnostic strategies, effective population-wide implementation of these strategies is dependent on the behavior and interaction between entities that comprise the cancer care system, like patients, physicians, and insurance policies. Hence, obtaining effective early cancer detection requires developing models for a systemic study of cancer care.

In this research, we develop models to address some of the analytical challenges in three distinct areas of early cancer detection, namely proteomics, genomics, and disease progression. The specific research topics (and models) are: 1) identification and quantification of proteins for obtaining biomarkers for early cancer detection (mixed integer-nonlinear programming (MINLP) and wavelet-based model), 2) denoising of gene values for use in identification of biomarkers (wavelet-based multiresolution denoising algorithm), and 3) estimation of disease progression time of colorectal cancer for developing early cancer intervention strategies (computational probability model and an agent-based simulation).

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