Graduation Year

2003

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Au.D.

Degree Granting Department

Audiology

Major Professor

D., Richard E. Gans Ph.

Co-Major Professor

D.O., Lynn F. Sumerson

Committee Member

Roberts, Richard A.

Keywords

benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, canalith repositioning maneuver, otoconia

Abstract

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), characterized by a history of brief attacks of intense positional vertigo and rotary nystagmus, results from otoconial migration into the semicircular canals, making the sensory structures in the canal gravity sensitive. Treatment methods include positioning maneuvers, which return the otoconia back into the otolith, and typically include a variety of activity limitations for the subsequent 24-48 hours. Previous studies suggest BPPV treatment can be successful without any limitations of the patient post- therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the necessity of post-maneuver restrictions on BPPV patients treated with the Canalith Repositioning Maneuver. Twenty participants were identified as having BPPV of the posterior canal and treated with the Canalith Repositioning Maneuver. During post-maneuver instruction, the ten participants assigned to the restricted group were provided with typical instructions.

Ten participants assigned to the non-restricted group were given no post-maneuver restrictions. At the one-week post-treatment follow-up, all patients were free of vertigo and/or nystagmus. Results indicated that given two groups of subjects matched for age, gender, and symptoms, post-maneuver restrictions are not necessary for successful outcome using the CRM to treat posterior-canal BPPV.

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