Degree Granting Department
Smith, M. Dwayne
interactive effects, first-degree murder, extra-legal factors, death-eligible, capital punishment
This study is an exploration and extension of previous research on the interactive effects of victim-race and victim-gender on death sentence outcomes. Williams and Holcomb's (2004) study suggests that an interactive effect exists between victim-race and victim-gender on Ohio death sentencing outcomes, such that killers of White women are especially singled out for capital punishment. The current study analyzes a sample of death eligible cases at the trial level in North Carolina to determine if Williams & Holcomb's findings hold up for a different sample of cases and in a different state. Logistic regression is used to determine if there are direct and/or interactive effects of victim's race and victim's gender on capital sentencing outcomes, controlling for the variety of other factors that influence that decision.
Results suggest that the interactive effects reported by Williams and Holcomb do not exist in North Carolina at the sentencing/penalty processing phase of capital trials.
Scholar Commons Citation
Reckdenwald, Amy, "The interaction between victim race and gender on capital sentencing outcomes: An exploration of previous research" (2004). Graduate Theses and Dissertations.