Title

Evaluation of Robotic Needle Steering in Ex Vivo Tissue

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

2010

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1109/ROBOT.2010.5509873

Abstract

Insertion velocity, tip asymmetry, and shaft diameter may influence steerable needle insertion paths in soft tissue. In this paper we examine the effects of these variables on needle paths in ex vivo goat liver, and demonstrate practical applications of robotic needle steering for ablation, biopsy, and brachytherapy. All experiments were performed using a new portable needle steering robot that steers asymmetric-tip needles under fluoroscopic imaging. For bevel-tip needles, we found that larger diameter needles resulted in less curvature, i.e. less steerability, confirming previous experiments in artificial tissue. The needles steered with radii of curvature ranging from 3.4 cm (for the most steerable pre-bent needle) to 2.97m (for the least steerable bevel needle). Pre-bend angle significantly affected needle curvature, but bevel angle did not. We hypothesize that biological tissue characteristics such as inhomogeneity and viscoelasticity significantly increase path variability. These results underscore the need for closed-loop image guidance for needle steering in biological tissues with complex internal structure.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

2010 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, p. 2068-2073

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