mining industry, supranational organization
Explains how mining companies are organized "in a network of overlapping groups so that even though a company may compete directly with another at one level, their higher-level supranational organization emphasizes their common interests" (p. 19). African states were constrained to use Western advisors whose counsel was "likely to be limited to the purely technical (in either law, or economics, or engineering -- and conceived in the context of status quo," whereas the crucial problems are surely political, so that "the context of African decision-making should be oriented toward a future world system quite different from today's" (p. 19).
Scholar Commons Citation
Wolfe, Alvin W. "Economies in Bondage: An Essay on the Mining Industry in Africa." Africa Today 14.3 (1967): 16-20.